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Pantothenic acid gets its name from the Greek word "pantou," meaning "everywhere," as it is found in a wide variety of foods.
Pantothenic acid, or vitamin B5, is essential for energy metabolism and synthesizing compounds in the body. The EFSA has approved health claims related to pantothenic acid for food labeling and advertising. These include its contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism by breaking down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins for energy. Pantothenic acid also reduces tiredness and fatigue, playing a role in synthesizing neurotransmitters and steroid hormones involved in energy production and stress response. Furthermore, it contributes to normal mental performance by aiding the synthesis of neurotransmitters related to cognitive function. The EFSA also acknowledges its involvement in the synthesis and metabolism of steroid hormones, vitamin D, and certain neurotransmitters.
Tahiliani, A.G., and C.J. Beinlich. "Pantothenic Acid in Health and Disease." Vitamins and Hormones, vol. 46, 1991, pp. 165-228. doi: 10.1016/s0083-6729(08)60684-6.
Kennedy, David O. "B Vitamins and the Brain: Mechanisms, Dose and Efficacy--A Review." Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 2, 2016, article 68. doi: 10.3390/nu8020068.