- Spices, Flower & Herbs
Long pepper, Piper longum, has been used in traditional medicine for potential health benefits. Unlike the small, round peppercorns of black pepper, long pepper has elongated, cylindrical fruits that resemble catkins or spikes. Traditionally, long pepper supports digestion, stimulates appetite, improves digestion, relieves flatulence, and eases discomfort. In Ayurvedic medicine, it aids respiratory health by alleviating coughs, congestion, and infections. Some studies indicate anti-inflammatory properties due to compounds like piperine, and long pepper contains antioxidants for protection against oxidative stress. Certain components demonstrate antimicrobial effects against specific bacteria and fungi. It has been used to relieve pain, including joint pain and arthritis. While traditionally seen as an aphrodisiac, scientific evidence is limited.
Haq, Iahtisham-Ul, et al. "Piperine: A review of its biological effects." Phytotherapy Research, vol. 35, no. 2, 2021, pp. 680-700. doi:10.1002/ptr.6855.
Kumar, Suresh, et al. "Overview for Various Aspects of the Health Benefits of Piper longum Linn. Fruit." Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 4, no. 2, 2011, pp. 134-140. doi:10.1016/S2005-2901(11)60020-4.